Efficacy of the "body movement and perception" method in the treatment of fibromyalgia syndrome: an open pilot study

Clin Exp Rheumatol. Nov-Dec 2011;29(6 Suppl 69):S12-8. Epub 2012 Jan 3.

Abstract

Objectives: Group exercises may be useful in fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). The 'Body movement and perception' (BMP) method is based on low impact exercises, awareness of body perception and relaxation, aimed at treating small groups of patients following the Resseguier method (RM) and integrating RM with exercises derived from soft gymnastics. We assessed the effects of BMP method on FMS.

Methods: 40 women with FMS (age and disease duration: 51.7±7.2 and 4.9±3.8 years) participated in an open pilot study. BMP sessions were performer twice a week (50 minutes each) for 8 weeks. Patients were assessed at enrolment (T0) and at the end of the study (T1) by a self-administered questionnaire (temporal characteristics of pain, pain interference in working and recreational activities and in night-time rest, awareness of pain, fatigue, irritability, well-being, quality of movement, ability to focus on perception and to perceive whole body, postural selfcontrol, ability to relax) and a clinical evaluation (tender points, assumption of analgesics/NSAIDs, distribution of pain, pain in sitting and standing position, pain during postural passages and gait, postural body alignment, muscular contractures).

Results: At T1, FMS patients significantly improved with respect to T0 in pain, fatigue, irritability, well-being, quality of movement, postural self-control, ability to relax mind and body, movement perception, tender point scores, assumption of analgesic/NSAIDs, body alignment and muscle contractures (p<0.05 for all the comparisons T1 versus T0).

Conclusions: In FMS patients, rehabilitation with BMP improves pain and well being, reduces the number of tender points and muscle contractures, thus it is useful in FMS management.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Pain / complications
  • Chronic Pain / physiopathology
  • Chronic Pain / rehabilitation*
  • Exercise Therapy / methods*
  • Female
  • Fibromyalgia / complications
  • Fibromyalgia / physiopathology
  • Fibromyalgia / rehabilitation*
  • Health Status
  • Humans
  • Middle Aged
  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Pain Management / methods*
  • Pain Measurement
  • Pilot Projects
  • Relaxation Therapy / methods*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Syndrome
  • Treatment Outcome