Concurrent and post-radiotherapy temozolomide (T) significantly improves survival in patient with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme. We aimed to assess the activity of the combination of T and pegylated liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) in this population. A combination of T (days 1-5, 200mg/m(2) orally) and PLD (day 1, 40 mg/m(2) intravenous) was given every 4 weeks for six cycles following chemo-radiotherapy as a post-operative treatment. The primary endpoint was 6-month progression free survival (6PFS). Of the 40 patients who enrolled (53 years median age, 73% male), the 6PFS was 58% (95% confidence interval [CI], 41-72%). The median time to progression was 6.2 months (95% CI, 5.6-8.0 months) and overall survival (OS) was 13.4 months (95% CI, 12.7-15.8 months). Thirty-four patients had measurable disease: one had a complete response (3%), 28 had stable disease (82%), and five had progressive disease (15%). Treatment was well tolerated: hematological toxicity included grade 3 neutropenia (8%). Grade 3 non-hematologic toxicity included nausea and vomiting (8%) and palmar-plantar toxicity (5%). We concluded that combination T and PLD is well tolerated but does not add significant clinical benefit regarding 6PFS and OS.
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