The 2010 Guidelines on Neonatal Resuscitation (AHA, ERC, ILCOR): similarities and differences--what progress has been made since 2005?

Klin Padiatr. 2011 Sep;223(5):299-307. doi: 10.1055/s-0031-1280750. Epub 2011 Aug 3.


In 2010, the American Heart Association (AHA), the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) and the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) issued new guidelines on newborn resuscitation. The new recommendations include: (1) pulse-oximetry for patient assessment during newborn resuscitation; (2) to start resuscitation of term infants with an FiO (2) of 0.21; (3) cardio-respiratory resuscitation with a 3:1 chest compression/inflation ratio for a heart rate <60 beats/min; (4) regarding infants born from meconium stained amniotic fluid: no recommendation is given to suction the upper airways at the perineum (when the head is born), but it is recommended to inspect the oropharynx and trachea for obstruction and suction the lower airway before inflations are given when the infant is depressed; (5) for birth asphyxia in term or near term infants, to induce hypothermia (33.5-34.5°C) within 6 h after birth. AHA, ERC and ILCOR used nearly identical literature for their evidence evaluation process. While the AHA and ILCOR guidelines are almost identical, the ERC guidelines differ slightly from the latter with regards to (i) promoting sustained inflations at birth, (ii) promoting a wider range in applied inflations during resuscitation, and (iii) to suction the airways in infants born from meconium stained amniotic fluid, before inflations are given.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Asphyxia Neonatorum / therapy
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / methods*
  • Evidence-Based Medicine
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature, Diseases / therapy*
  • Meconium Aspiration Syndrome / therapy
  • Oximetry
  • Oxygen Inhalation Therapy
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic*
  • Pregnancy
  • Resuscitation / methods*
  • Suction