[Ultrasound diagnosis in vasoproliferative tumours of the ocular fundus]

Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol. 2011 Aug;86(8):247-53. doi: 10.1016/j.oftal.2011.04.008. Epub 2011 Jul 14.
[Article in Spanish]


Objective: The aim of this work is to describe the ultrasound features in vasoproliferative tumours of the ocular fundus (VPTOF).

Methods: The medical records corresponding to eight patients were retrospectively studied. Clinical data from the complete ophthalmologic examination and ultrasonographic findings were analysed.

Results: Nodular masses affecting either the retina or both the retina and the choroid were found. The surface contour of the tumour was regular in 5, and irregular in 3 cases. In terms of dimensions (mm/ SD), the average major base was 7.14/2.56; the minor base 6.74/2.48 and the height 2.38/1.26. Internal structure was always solid and irregular and reflectivity was mostly medium to high in 6 eyes. Angle kappa was not present in any case. No vascularity signs were detected.

Conclusion: According to the results it is suggested that when a differential diagnosis of VPTOF is carried out, not only should ophthalmoscopic signs be studied, but an ultrasound examination should also be done.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Carcinoma / diagnosis
  • Carcinoma / secondary
  • Choroid Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Choroid Diseases / pathology
  • Choroid Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Diagnostic Errors*
  • Eye Diseases / complications
  • Female
  • Fundus Oculi
  • Gliosis / diagnostic imaging*
  • Gliosis / pathology
  • Hemangioma / diagnosis
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Melanoma / diagnosis
  • Middle Aged
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / diagnostic imaging*
  • Neovascularization, Pathologic / pathology
  • Ophthalmoscopy
  • Retinal Diseases / diagnostic imaging*
  • Retinal Diseases / pathology
  • Retinal Neoplasms / diagnosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Ultrasonography
  • Young Adult