Utility and cost of a renal transplant transition clinic

Pediatr Nephrol. 2012 Feb;27(2):295-302. doi: 10.1007/s00467-011-1980-0. Epub 2011 Aug 9.


Successful transition from paediatric-centred to adult-oriented healthcare positively influences health outcomes for youth with chronic illness. The primary objective is to evaluate outcomes pre- and post provision of multidisciplinary transition clinic (TC) care to renal transplant recipients. We compared patient and allograft survival in renal transplant recipients at British Columbia Children's Hospital who received care within a transition clinic (TC) to a cohort of patients transferred prior to establishment of the TC, pre-TC (PTC) in 2007. Baseline characteristics, allograft function, and survival data were collected prospectively via a validated provincial database for 2 years posttransfer. We also estimated and compared the average yearly per-patient cost during the 2-year follow-up period. Thirty-three patients were transferred (PTC) and 12 transitioned (TC). In the PTC cohort, there was a combined poor outcome (death or allograft loss) incidence of 24% within 2 years posttransfer compared with no death or allograft loss in the TC cohort. Cost estimates indicate the average yearly per-patient cost was Canadian dollars (CAD) $17,127-$38,909 for the PTC and CAD $11,380-$34,312 for the TC cohort. For PTC patients who lost their allograft and returned to dialysis, the per-patient cost was CAD $40,956-$61,470. Our results indicate improved allograft and patient survival posttransfer of care in renal transplant recipients who attended TCs, and we found that providing TCs is economically feasible.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Graft Survival
  • Health Care Costs
  • Humans
  • Kidney Transplantation / adverse effects
  • Kidney Transplantation / economics*
  • Kidney Transplantation / mortality
  • Male
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Transplantation, Homologous