Purpose: To define the evolution of infarct characteristics with cardiovascular magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and to assess which of the cardiovascular MR data acquired at day 2 or at 1 week after acute myocardial infarction (AMI), is the stronger predictor of infarct size and left ventricular (LV) function measured at 3 months.
Materials and methods: The study protocol was reviewed and approved by the local research ethics committee, and written informed consent was obtained. Forty-eight patients with reperfused AMI underwent cine, T2-weighted, and late gadolinium enhancement cardiovascular MR imaging at days 2, 7, 30, and 90 after index presentation. Continuous data between times were compared by using paired t tests or one-way analysis of variance. Multiple linear regression analyses were used to predict linear end points.
Results: Infarct size and extent of myocardial edema decreased significantly between day 2 and 1 week: Mean scar as a percentage of LV mass and standard deviation (SD), respectively, were 27.2 and 13.9 versus 21.6 and 14.1 (P < .001), and myocardial edema as a percentage of LV mass and SD, respectively, were 37.9 and 15.2 versus 32.3 and 14.3 (P = .003). These changes were accompanied by a significant improvement in LV ejection fraction (LVEF): Mean percentage of LVEF and SD, respectively, were 41.7 and 9.6 versus 44.6 and 10.1 (P < .001). When comparing data acquired at day 2 and 1 week, only cardiovascular MR data acquired at 1 week were independent predictors of LVEF and infarct size at 3 months.
Conclusion: LVEF, infarct size, and extent of myocardial edema changed significantly during the 1st week after AMI. Overall, cardiovascular MR measurements acquired after 1 week have greater predictive value for infarct size and LV function at 3 months than data acquired at day 2.
© RSNA, 2011.