Antibacterial Properties of Propolis (Bee Glue)

J R Soc Med. 1990 Mar;83(3):159-60.


Propolis (bee glue) was found to have antibacterial activity against a range of commonly encountered cocci and Gram-positive rods, including the human tubercle bacillus, but only limited activity against Gram-negative bacilli. These findings confirm previous reports of antimicrobial properties of this material, possibly attributable to its high flavonoid content.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacology*
  • Bacteria / drug effects*
  • Gram-Positive Bacteria / drug effects
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Propolis / pharmacology*
  • Resins, Plant / pharmacology*


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Resins, Plant
  • Propolis