Clinical decision making regarding intervention needs of infants with torticollis

Pediatr Phys Ther. 2011 Fall;23(3):249-56. doi: 10.1097/PEP.0b013e318227cb2a.


Purpose: Although conservative care is the standard intervention for infants with torticollis, the variation in intervention content and format proposed in the literature reflects the lack of clear understanding of this population's needs. The objective was to identify factors assessed by pediatricians and physical therapists influencing the determination of intervention needs for infants with torticollis.

Methods: Focus groups and surveys were used to generate a list of factors influencing determination of intervention needs. These factors were mapped to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth (ICF-CY).

Results: Health care professionals report that all infants presenting with torticollis require intervention. They determine needs according to factors encompassing all ICF-CY domains. An important subset of factors relates to family and environment.

Conclusion: Health care professionals should rely on a family-centered assessment encompassing all domains of the ICF-CY to adequately identify intervention needs of infants with torticollis.

MeSH terms

  • Age Factors
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Decision Making
  • Disability Evaluation
  • Focus Groups
  • Health Care Surveys
  • Health Services Needs and Demand*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant Welfare
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Physical Therapy Modalities
  • Posture
  • Practice Patterns, Physicians'
  • Quebec
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Risk Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Torticollis / congenital*
  • Torticollis / rehabilitation

Supplementary concepts

  • Congenital torticollis