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, 2 (3), 220-38

Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Decontamination: Recent Trends and Future Perspective

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Chemical, Biological, Radiological, and Nuclear Decontamination: Recent Trends and Future Perspective

Vinod Kumar et al. J Pharm Bioallied Sci.

Abstract

Chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) decontamination is the removal of CBRN material from equipment or humans. The objective of the decontamination is to reduce radiation burden, salvage equipment, and materials, remove loose CBRN contaminants, and fix the remaining in place in preparation for protective storage or permanent disposal work activities. Decontamination may be carried out using chemical, electrochemical, and mechanical means. Like materials, humans may also be contaminated with CBRN contamination. Changes in cellular function can occur at lower radiation doses and exposure to chemicals. At high dose, cell death may take place. Therefore, decontamination of humans at the time of emergency while generating bare minimum waste is an enormous task requiring dedication of large number of personnel and large amount of time. General principles of CBRN decontamination are discussed in this review with emphasis on radiodecontamination.

Keywords: CBRN Decontamination; chemical decontamination; electrochemical decontamination; mechanical decontamination; radiodecontamination.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflict of Interest: None declared.

Figures

Figure 1
Figure 1
Decontamination solution (DS2)
Figure 2
Figure 2
Personal decontamination kit (PDK)
Figure 3
Figure 3
Potable decontamination apparatus
Figure 4
Figure 4
Mobile decontamination system
Figure 5
Figure 5
Shudhika-the skin decontamination kit
Figure 6
Figure 6
Protective clothing for quick response al teams

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