Evaluation of selected flavonoids as antiangiogenic, anticancer, and radical scavenging agents: an experimental and in silico analysis

Cell Biochem Biophys. 2011 Dec;61(3):651-63. doi: 10.1007/s12013-011-9251-z.


Developing antiangiogenic agents using natural products has remained a significant hope in the mainstream of anticancer research. In the present investigation series of flavonoids possessing di-, tri-, tetra-, and penta-hydroxy substitutions were evaluated as antiangiogenic agents using in vivo choriallantoic membrane model. The MTT-based cytotoxicity against selected cancer cell lines was carried out to determine the anticancer potential. The kinetics of free radical scavenging activities of these compounds was demonstrated using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl hydrazine (DPPH) and superoxide anion radicals (SORs). To understand the possible antiangiogenic mechanism, the selected flavonoids were docked in silico onto the proangiogenic peptides such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), hypoxia inducible factor (HIF-1α), and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2) from human origin. The results of the study shows that amongst the tested flavonoids, genistein (87.1%), kaempferol, (86.3%), and quercetin (84.7%) were found to be effective inhibitors of angiogenesis in CAM model. The antiangiogenic, cytotoxic, and antioxidant activities are discussed in light of structure-activity relationship using in silico approach and other drug-related properties were also calculated using BioMed CAChe V. 6.1.10. The results of the present study focus the isoflavone genistein, kaempferol, and quercetin as lead molecules for designing novel anti-tumor/antioxidant agents targeting angiogenesis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors / chemistry
  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors / metabolism
  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Antineoplastic Agents / chemistry
  • Antineoplastic Agents / metabolism
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Biphenyl Compounds / metabolism
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Computational Biology*
  • Drug Evaluation, Preclinical
  • Flavonoids / chemistry
  • Flavonoids / metabolism
  • Flavonoids / pharmacology*
  • Free Radical Scavengers / chemistry
  • Free Radical Scavengers / metabolism
  • Free Radical Scavengers / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Isomerism
  • Kinetics
  • Models, Molecular
  • Picrates / metabolism
  • Protein Conformation
  • Quantum Theory
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Superoxides / metabolism


  • Angiogenesis Inhibitors
  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Biphenyl Compounds
  • Flavonoids
  • Free Radical Scavengers
  • Picrates
  • Superoxides
  • 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl