Purpose: To investigate elevated intraocular pressures (IOP) (defined by a measurement >25 mmHg at a follow-up visit) after an intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents for age-related macular degeneration.
Methods: Retrospective review of medical records.
Results: A total of 127 patients (155 eyes) received an intravitreal injection of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agents (bevacizumab, ranibizumab, or pegaptanib) ranging from 1 to 39 injections for more than a period of 30 to 1759 days. Among this population, 12 patients (14 eyes; 9.4%) developed elevated IOP >25 mmHg. Of these, 7 patients (5.5%) developed sustained elevated IOP (IOP >25 mmHg on 2 separate visits requiring glaucoma medication or surgery), of which 8 eyes required topical medications and 1 eye underwent glaucoma surgery. Mean IOP of injected eyes receiving intravitreal injection was 15.2 ± 2.4 mmHg, and the mean IOP was 14.9 ± 2.6 mmHg for noninjected eyes. Among eyes that had elevated IOPs, there was no association with injection frequency, number of injections, or anti-vascular endothelial growth factor agent used.
Conclusion: Elevated IOP, sustained or unsustained, after intravitreal injection is not uncommon. No association with patient demographics or injection history was identified in the authors' study population.