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. 2012 Mar;21(3):418-24.
doi: 10.1007/s00586-011-1964-6. Epub 2011 Aug 12.

Are Modic Changes Prognostic for Recovery in a Cohort of Patients With Non-Specific Low Back Pain?

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Free PMC article

Are Modic Changes Prognostic for Recovery in a Cohort of Patients With Non-Specific Low Back Pain?

Anne Keller et al. Eur Spine J. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Background: There is evidence for an association between Modic type 1 and pain in patients with low back pain (LBP), but little knowledge about its effect on clinical outcomes.

Purpose: (1) To assess the prevalence of Modic changes, (2) to determine if Modic changes influence the clinical course of LBP, and (3) to identify prognostic factors for recovery.

Study design/setting: Prospective clinical cohort study, with a 1-year follow-up. The treatment consisted of brief intervention and instruction in stretching. PATIENT'S SAMPLE: Two hundred and sixty-nine patients with chronic low back pain.

Outcome measures: Socio-demographic variables, education, profession, self-reported measures, degenerative changes on MRI.

Methods: Linear growth model and Cox regression analysis.

Results: Five percent had a normal MRI, 14 and 50% had Modic 1 and Modic 2 changes. Modic changes were not significant covariates for the clinical course of pain, function or fear avoidance beliefs. Education was a strong prognostic factor for recovery.

Conclusions: Modic changes did not influence the clinical course of back pain and were not prognostic factors for recovery. Education was strongly associated with recovery.

Figures

Fig. 1
Fig. 1
Flowchart for the included patients from baseline to one year follow up

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