Enhanced female attractiveness with use of cosmetics and male tipping behavior in restaurants

J Cosmet Sci. May-Jun 2011;62(3):283-90.


Several studies have found that cosmetics improve female facial attractiveness when judgments are made based on photographs. However, these studies were conducted only in the laboratory, while field studies are scarce in the literature. In fact, only one study has tested the effect of cosmetics on behavior. In this study the effect of cosmetics on tipping behavior and the link between behavior and judgment on the physical attractiveness of waitresses wearing or not wearing cosmetics were tested. A female waitress with or without makeup was instructed to act in her usual way with her patrons. Results showed that the makeup condition was associated with a significant increase in the tipping behavior of male customers. It was also found that the effect of makeup on tipping behavior was mediated by the perception of the physical attractiveness of the waitress, but only when considering male customers.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cosmetics*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Interpersonal Relations*
  • Male
  • Motivation*
  • Restaurants*


  • Cosmetics