Effectiveness of mobile phone short message service on diabetes mellitus management; the SMS-DM study

Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2011 Oct;94(1):e24-6. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2011.07.025. Epub 2011 Aug 12.


Objective: To test the feasibility of short message service (SMS) usage between the clinic visits and to evaluate its effect on glycemic control in uncontrolled type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) subjects.

Research design and methods: 34 cases with type 2 Diabetes were followed after fulfilling the inclusion criteria. The interventional group (n=12) had the same conventional approach of the control group but had two mobile numbers (physician and diabetic educator) provided for the SMS support until their next visit in 3 months. Both groups of age, BMI and the pre-study A1c were comparable.

Results: Both groups had a significant reduction in their A1c compared to their baseline visit. However, the interventional group had significantly greater reduction in A1c (p=0.001), 1.16% lower than controls. The service was highly satisfactory to the group.

Conclusion: The results indicate effectiveness in lowering A1c and acceptance by the patients. Further research and large-scale studies are needed.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Cell Phone*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / blood*
  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / metabolism
  • Female
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Text Messaging*


  • Blood Glucose
  • Glycated Hemoglobin A