Spectral domain optical coherence tomography of myopic traction maculopathy

Optometry. 2011 Oct;82(10):607-13. doi: 10.1016/j.optm.2011.03.013. Epub 2011 Aug 12.


Purpose: Here we document 2 cases of macular schisis-like appearance in high myopia analyzed with spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT).

Methods: In Case 1, a 58-year-old patient with high myopia manifesting a recent onset of decreased vision in the right eye (OD) is presented. In Case 2, a 45-year-old patient with a lifelong history of no light perception and high myopia OD is presented.

Results: In Case 1, biomicroscopy found a posterior staphyloma associated with subtle retinal thickening in the patient's right eye. SDOCT confirmed the presence of macular traction associated with a schisis-like appearance. In Case 2, a posterior staphyloma associated with significant macular thickening was observed during biomicroscopy. SDOCT found macular traction and a schisis-like appearance.

Conclusions: These presentations are consistent with myopic traction maculopathy. Few myopic traction maculopathy cases have been studied with SDOCT. The time domain optical coherence tomography and SDOCT analysis suggests that the etiology of this condition may be secondary to preretinal and extraretinal traction exhibited in degenerative high myopia.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Macula Lutea / pathology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myopia, Degenerative / complications*
  • Myopia, Degenerative / diagnosis
  • Refraction, Ocular
  • Retinal Diseases / diagnosis
  • Retinal Diseases / etiology*
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence / methods*
  • Visual Acuity