Neurodevelopmental outcome and risk factors for impaired development of African American infants in an underserved urban population: a population-based study

J Health Care Poor Underserved. 2011 Aug;22(3):983-94. doi: 10.1353/hpu.2011.0089.


We aimed 1) to define risk factors for adverse outcome in urban African American patients, 2) to determine whether clinical variables as risk factors are congruent with previously published data, and 3) to identify the proportion of infants with different outcomes. The study included African American infants who were born and participated in neurodevelopmental follow-up. Infants with gestational age range of 23 to 41 weeks, and birth weight (BW) range of 495 to 3,965 g were classified by developmental outcome. Among the smallest infants, BW, gestational age, gender and respiratory distress syndrome were significantly (p<.05) associated with adverse outcome. No significant risk factors were identified for adverse outcome in the two other birth weight categories. Adverse outcomes were seen more frequently in infants with BW ≤1,500 g than in larger infants. The number of infants with severe outcome was found higher than previously reported and may be related to different racial/generational origin.

MeSH terms

  • African Americans / statistics & numerical data*
  • Developmental Disabilities / ethnology*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Gestational Age
  • Humans
  • Infant, Extremely Low Birth Weight
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature
  • Infant, Very Low Birth Weight
  • Male
  • Medically Underserved Area
  • Nervous System Diseases / ethnology*
  • New York City / epidemiology
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / ethnology
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Factors
  • Urban Health*