Improving outcomes from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in young children and adolescents

Pediatr Cardiol. 2012 Mar;33(3):474-83. doi: 10.1007/s00246-011-0084-8. Epub 2011 Aug 13.


Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) is an unusual but devastating occurrence in a young person. Years of life-lost are substantial and long-term health care costs of survivors can be high. However, there have been noteworthy improvements in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) standards, out-of hospital care, and postcardiac arrest therapies that have resulted in a several-fold improvement in resuscitation outcomes. Recent interest and research in resuscitation of children has the promise of generating improvements in the outcomes of these patients. Integrated and coordinated care in the out-of-hospital and hospital settings are required. This article will review the epidemiology of OHCA, the 2010 CPR guidelines, and developments in public access defibrillation for children.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Age Factors
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / methods*
  • Child
  • Child Welfare
  • Humans
  • Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest / epidemiology
  • Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest / therapy*
  • Pediatrics
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic
  • Risk Assessment / methods
  • Treatment Outcome*
  • United States / epidemiology