Disorders of acid-base balance

Pediatr Clin North Am. 1990 Apr;37(2):429-47. doi: 10.1016/s0031-3955(16)36878-x.


Acid-base disorders are common in sick children. This article is a practical guide to the differential diagnosis and treatment of simple and mixed acid-base disorders of children. Special attention is given to fundamentals of acid-base physiology, to clinical use of the Henderson equation, and to interpretation of readily available laboratory tests.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Acid-Base Equilibrium
  • Acid-Base Imbalance* / diagnosis
  • Acid-Base Imbalance* / drug therapy
  • Acid-Base Imbalance* / etiology
  • Acid-Base Imbalance* / physiopathology
  • Child
  • Humans