α(1D)-Adrenergic receptors, key regulators of cardiovascular system function, are organized as a multi-protein complex in the plasma membrane. Using a Type-I PDZ-binding motif in their distal C-terminal domain, α(1D)-ARs associate with syntrophins and dystrophin-associated protein complex (DAPC) members utrophin, dystrobrevin and α-catulin. Three of the five syntrophin isoforms (α, β(1) and β(2)) interact with α(1D)-ARs and our previous studies suggest multiple isoforms are required for proper α(1D)-AR function in vivo. This study determined the contribution of each specific syntrophin isoform to α(1D)-AR function. Radioligand binding experiments reveal α-syntrophin enhances α(1D)-AR binding site density, while phosphoinositol and ERK1/2 signaling assays indicate β(2)-syntrophin augments full and partial agonist efficacy for coupling to downstream signaling mechanisms. The results of this study provide clear evidence that the cytosolic components within the α(1D)-AR/DAPC signalosome significantly alter the pharmacological properties of α(1)-AR ligands in vitro.
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.