Epidemiology and mutational analysis of global strains of Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever virus

Virol Sin. 2011 Aug;26(4):229-44. doi: 10.1007/s12250-011-3211-z. Epub 2011 Aug 17.


Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a severe illness with high fatality. Cases are reported in several countries in Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and Asia. Phylogenetic analyses based on the virus S (nucleocapsid), M (glycoprotein), and L (polymerase) genome segments sequences indicate distinct geographic lineages exist but their specific genetic characteristics require elucidation. In this work we collected all full length S segment sequences and generated a phylogenetic tree based on the alignment of these 62 samples. We then analyzed the alignment using entries from AAIndex, the Amino Acid Index database, to identify amino acid mutations that performed significant changes in charge, pka, hydropathy and side chain volume. Finally, we mapped these changes back to the tree and alignment to identify correlated mutations or sites that characterized a specific lineage. Based on this analysis we are able to propose a number of sites that appear to be important for virus function and which would be good candidates for experimental mutational analysis studies.

MeSH terms

  • DNA Mutational Analysis*
  • Databases, Genetic
  • Genome, Viral / genetics
  • Hemorrhagic Fever Virus, Crimean-Congo / physiology*
  • Hemorrhagic Fever, Crimean / epidemiology*
  • Hemorrhagic Fever, Crimean / genetics*
  • Hemorrhagic Fever, Crimean / virology
  • Humans
  • Phylogeny
  • Viral Proteins / genetics


  • Viral Proteins