Background: Patients with dyspepsia often experience troublesome symptoms.
Aim: To assess the burden of uninvestigated dyspepsia (symptoms, health-related quality of life [HRQL] and work productivity) before and after 8 weeks' esomeprazole treatment.
Methods: Patients (n=1250) with uninvestigated dyspepsia (no endoscopy within 6 months and ≤ 2 endoscopies within 10 years) underwent a 1-week esomeprazole acid-suppression test before randomisation to 7 weeks' esomeprazole or placebo. The Reflux Disease Questionnaire (RDQ), Quality of Life in Reflux and Dyspepsia (QOLRAD) and Work Productivity and Activity Impairment (WPAI) questionnaires were completed at baseline (1-week off-treatment) and 8 weeks. WPAI results were further analysed among patients who responded to the acid-suppression test.
Results: The highest baseline symptom score was for the RDQ dyspepsia domain, and the highest disease burden was for QOLRAD vitality and food/drink problems. After 8 weeks, significant improvements vs. placebo were observed for all RDQ and QOLRAD domains. The sub-population of acid-suppression test responders, but not the total WPAI population, had a significant work productivity improvement vs. placebo.
Conclusions: Uninvestigated dyspepsia is associated with high symptom load and impacts on HRQL and work productivity. Esomeprazole improves HRQL among such patients, and improves work productivity among 1-week acid-suppression trial responders. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00251992.
© 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.