Gonorrhoea Surveillance, Laboratory Diagnosis and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing of Neisseria Gonorrhoeae in 11 Countries of the Eastern Part of the WHO European Region

APMIS. 2011 Sep;119(9):643-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0463.2011.02780.x. Epub 2011 Jun 17.


Quality-assured worldwide surveillance of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Neisseria gonorrhoeae is crucial for public health purposes. In the countries of the eastern part of the WHO European region the knowledge regarding gonococcal AMR is limited, and antimicrobials of many different types, sources and quality are used for gonorrhoea treatment. This study surveyed gonorrhoea incidence, laboratory diagnosis and gonococcal AMR testing in 11 independent countries of the former Soviet Union. The national gonorrhoea incidences remain mainly high. In general, gonococcal culture and AMR testing were rarely performed, poorly standardized and rarely quality assured. To establish a gonococcal AMR surveillance programme in Eastern Europe, i.e. the geographical area of the former Soviet Union, several actions have recently been undertaken by the Eastern European Sexual and Reproductive Health (EE SRH) Network and the WHO. The information provided herein will be useful in this respect.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Clinical Laboratory Techniques
  • Drug Resistance, Bacterial
  • Europe, Eastern / epidemiology
  • Gonorrhea / drug therapy*
  • Gonorrhea / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae / drug effects*
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae / growth & development
  • Population Surveillance / methods
  • Public Health
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • World Health Organization


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents