Synthesis and characterization of SIRT6 protein coated magnetic beads: identification of a novel inhibitor of SIRT6 deacetylase from medicinal plant extracts

Anal Chem. 2011 Oct 1;83(19):7400-7. doi: 10.1021/ac201403y. Epub 2011 Sep 2.


SIRT6 is a histone deacetylase that has been proposed as a potential therapeutic target for metabolic disorders and the prevention of age-associated diseases. Thus, the identification of compounds that modulate SIRT6 activity could be of great therapeutic importance. The aim of this study was to develop a screening method for the identification of novel modulators of SIRT6 from a natural plant extract. We immobilized SIRT6 onto the surface of magnetic beads, and assessed SIRT6 enzymatic activity on synthetic acetylated histone tails (H3K9Ac) by measuring products of the deacetylation process. The SIRT6 coated magnetic beads were then suspended in fenugreek seed extract (Trigonella foenum-graecum) as a bait to identify active ligands that suppress SIRT6 activity. While the entire extract also inhibited SIRT6 activity in a cell-based assay, the inhibitory effect of two flavonoids from this extract, quercetin and vitexin, was only detected in vitro. This is the first report on the use of protein-coated magnetic beads for the identification of an active ligand from a botanical matrix, and it sets the basis for the de novo identification of SIRT6 modulators from complex biological mixtures.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Intramural

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Biocatalysis
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chickens
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drug Evaluation, Preclinical
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / chemical synthesis
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / chemistry
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology*
  • Enzymes, Immobilized / antagonists & inhibitors*
  • Enzymes, Immobilized / chemistry
  • Enzymes, Immobilized / metabolism
  • Histone Deacetylases / chemistry
  • Histone Deacetylases / deficiency
  • Histone Deacetylases / metabolism*
  • Magnets / chemistry*
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Plant Extracts / chemical synthesis
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology*
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / chemistry
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Seeds / chemistry
  • Structure-Activity Relationship
  • Surface Properties
  • Trigonella / chemistry*


  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Enzymes, Immobilized
  • Plant Extracts
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • Histone Deacetylases