Mobile phone technology identifies and recruits trained citizens to perform CPR on out-of-hospital cardiac arrest victims prior to ambulance arrival

Resuscitation. 2011 Dec;82(12):1514-8. doi: 10.1016/j.resuscitation.2011.07.033. Epub 2011 Aug 18.


Aim: In a two-parted study, evaluate a new concept were mobile phone technology is used to dispatch lay responders to nearby out-of-hospital cardiac arrests (OHCAs).

Methods: Mobile phone positioning systems (MPS) can geographically locate selected mobile phone users at any given moment. A mobile phone service using MPS was developed and named Mobile Life Saver (MLS). Simulation study: 25 volunteers named mobile responders (MRs) were connected to MLS. Ambulance time intervals from 22 consecutive OHCAs in 2005 were used as controls. The MRs randomly moved in Stockholm city centre and were dispatched to simulated OHCAs (identical to controls) if they were within a 350 m distance. Real life study: during 25 weeks 1271-1801 MRs trained in CPR were connected to MLS. MLS was activated at the dispatch centre in parallel with ambulance dispatch when an OHCA was suspected. The MRs were dispatched if they were within 500 m from the suspected OHCA.

Results: Simulation study: mean response time for the MRs compared to historical ambulance time intervals was reduced by 2 min 20s (44%), p<0.001, (95% CI, 1 min 5s - 3 min 35s). The MRs reached the simulated OHCA prior to the historical control in 72% of cases. Real life study: the MLS was triggered 92 times. In 45% of all suspected and in 56% of all true OHCAs the MRs arrived prior to ambulance. CPR was performed by MRs in 17% of all true OHCAs and in 30% of all true OHCAs if MRs arrived prior to ambulance.

Conclusion: Mobile phone technology can be used to identify and recruit nearby CPR-trained citizens to OHCAs for bystander CPR prior to ambulance arrival.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Ambulances*
  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation / methods*
  • Cell Phone*
  • Computer Simulation*
  • Emergency Medical Services / organization & administration*
  • Humans
  • Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest / therapy*
  • Sweden
  • Time Factors