Oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy is the standard of care in patients with high-risk stage II and stage III colorectal cancer as well as in patients with advanced disease. Unfortunately, a large proportion of patients offered oxaliplatin fail to benefit from it. In the era of personalized treatment, there are strong efforts to identify biomarkers that will predict efficacy to oxaliplatin-based treatments. Excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) is a key element in the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway, which is responsible for repairing DNA adducts induced by platinum compounds. ERCC1 has recently been shown to be closely associated with outcome in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC): both high ERCC1 protein and gene expression are associated with resistance to cisplatin-based chemotherapy and better outcome without treatment. Therefore, ERCC1 has the potential to be used as a strong candidate biomarker, both predictive and prognostic, for colorectal cancer. This review will focus on the preclinical and clinical evidences supporting ERCC1 as a major molecule in oxaliplatin resistance. In addition, the important technologies used to assess ERCC1 gene and protein expression will be highlighted.
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Inc.