The effectiveness of recombinant Adenovirus serotype 5 (Ad5) vectors to induce immune responses against targeted antigens has been limited by the presence of pre-existing or Ad5 vaccine induced anti-vector immunity. The Ad5 [E1-, E2b-] platform, a recombinant Ad5 with additional deletions, has been previously reported by us to induce immune responses in the presence of Ad5 immunity. In an Ad5 immune non-human primate (NHP) model, an Ad5 [E1-, E2b-] construct expressing HIV-1 Gag induced immune responses in the presence of pre-existing Ad5 immunity. In the present study we expand on these prior observations by comparing the cell mediated immune (CMI) responses induced by Ad5 [E1-, E2b-]-SIV-gag/nef in Ad5 naïve and Ad5 immune NHP. Additionally, NHP were immunized with an Ad5 [E1-, E2b-]-HIV-pol construct following two homologous administrations of Ad5 [E1-, E2b-]-SIV-gag/nef to determine if an immune response could be induced against a third antigen in the presence of vaccine induced Ad5 immunity. Positive CMI responses, as assessed by interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) secreting lymphocytes, were induced against all three antigens. These CMI responses increased over a course of multiple immunizations and the response profiles observed in Ad5 naïve and Ad5 immune NHP were similar. No influence of the major histocompatibility complex on CMI responses was observed. These data indicate that the new Ad5 [E1-, E2b-] platform based vaccine could be used for homologous vaccination regimes to induce robust CMI responses in the presence of Ad5 vector immunity.
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