Risk of lung cancer and occupational history: results of a French population-based case-control study, the ICARE study

J Occup Environ Med. 2011 Sep;53(9):1068-77. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0b013e318229ab2e.


Objectives: To assess the risk of lung cancer associated with occupations and industries.

Methods: A French population-based case-control study included 2923 cases and 3555 controls. Lifelong occupational history was collected. Two lists of occupations known (A) or suspected (B) to be associated with lung cancer were used. Occupations and industries not included in these lists were also explored.

Results: Among men, the smoking-adjusted odds ratio was 1.97 for list A (attributable fraction: 12.3%), 1.4 for list B (due especially to carpenters/joiners and transport workers). Among unlisted occupations, excess risks were found for welders, plumbers, and several construction crafts. Odds ratios among women were elevated for list A, list B (due especially to launderers/dry cleaners), cleaners and hairdressers.

Conclusions: These results confirm the role of known occupations and give insight into new occupational risk factors among men and women.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Air Pollutants, Occupational / adverse effects
  • Carcinogens, Environmental / adverse effects
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • France / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Industry / statistics & numerical data
  • Lung Neoplasms / epidemiology*
  • Lung Neoplasms / etiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Occupational Diseases / etiology
  • Occupational Exposure / adverse effects*
  • Occupations
  • Odds Ratio
  • Risk Factors


  • Air Pollutants, Occupational
  • Carcinogens, Environmental