State preemption of local tobacco control policies restricting smoking, advertising, and youth access--United States, 2000-2010

MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2011 Aug 26;60(33):1124-7.


Preemptive state tobacco control legislation prohibits localities from enacting tobacco control laws that are more stringent than state law. State preemption provisions can preclude any type of local tobacco control policy. The three broad types of state preemption tracked by CDC include preemption of local policies that restrict 1) smoking in workplaces and public places, 2) tobacco advertising, and 3) youth access to tobacco products. A Healthy People 2020 objective (TU-16) calls for eliminating state laws that preempt any type of local tobacco control law. A previous study reported that the number of states that preempt local smoking restrictions in one or more of three settings (government worksites, private-sector worksites, and restaurants) has decreased substantially in recent years. To measure progress toward achieving Healthy People 2020 objectives, this study expands on the previous analysis to track changes in state laws that preempt local advertising and youth access restrictions and to examine policy changes from December 31, 2000, to December 31, 2010. This new analysis found that, in contrast with the substantial progress achieved during the past decade in reducing the number of states that preempt local smoking restrictions, no progress has been made in reducing the number of states that preempt local advertising restrictions and youth access restrictions. Increased progress in removing state preemption provisions will be needed to achieve the relevant Healthy People 2020 objective.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Advertising / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Commerce / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Federal Government*
  • Healthy People Programs
  • Humans
  • Legislation as Topic / trends
  • Policy Making
  • Public Policy
  • Restaurants
  • Smoking / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • State Government*
  • United States
  • Workplace