[Physical activity and healthy diet, weight perception and stress in adult population in Chile: analysis of the second quality of life and health survey 2006]

Arch Latinoam Nutr. 2010 Dec;60(4):319-24.
[Article in Spanish]

Abstract

Chile had a rapid epidemiological and nutritional transition with an increase in risk factors for chronic diseases and obesity. Dietary changes have occurred, mostly an increase in consumption of foods high in fat, sugar and salt, as well as a decrease in physical activity. This has led to a marked increase in obesity rates. To learn more on these risk factors for chronic diseases, obesity and physical activity, the First Quality of Life and Health Survey (ECVS) was carried out in 2000, with a second version in 2006. The objective of this paper is to analyze, from data collected by the 2006 survey, the relationship of physical activity with the consumption of fruits, vegetables and dairy products, weight perception and stress. The 2006 survey included 6.210 subjects with a 10.8% of active population and 89.2% of sedentary people. The relationship of activity was determined with the consumption of fruits, vegetables, dairy products, weight perception and stress, by sex and socioeconomic levels. Results show that more than 50% of the active subjects consume fruits and vegetables, and 50% consume dairy products every day, with a higher probability of active persons of consuming healthy foods than the sedentary ones. Besides, sedentary people perceive themselves with more overweight and obesity than the active subjects. There was no relationship between physical activity and stress. People with a higher socioeconomic level are more active and consume more healthy products. These results permit to elaborate targeted policies and programs to improve diet and physical activity in the Chilean population.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Chile / epidemiology
  • Chronic Disease / epidemiology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Dairy Products
  • Diet*
  • Feeding Behavior*
  • Female
  • Fruit
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Motor Activity*
  • Obesity / epidemiology*
  • Quality of Life / psychology*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sedentary Behavior*
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Stress, Psychological / epidemiology
  • Stress, Psychological / psychology
  • Vegetables
  • Young Adult