The impact of guidelines on the outcomes of community-acquired and ventilator-associated pneumonia

Clin Chest Med. 2011 Sep;32(3):491-505. doi: 10.1016/j.ccm.2011.06.002.


The correct implementation of the current guidelines for the management of community-acquired pneumonia is associated with less mortality, faster clinical stabilization, and lower costs in these patients. By contrast, implementing the current guidelines for the management of hospital-acquired pneumonia has been followed by an increase in initially adequate antibiotic treatment but has not been accompanied by a consistently improved outcome in patients.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Community-Acquired Infections / drug therapy*
  • Community-Acquired Infections / microbiology
  • Guideline Adherence*
  • Humans
  • Pneumonia, Bacterial / drug therapy*
  • Pneumonia, Bacterial / microbiology
  • Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated / drug therapy*
  • Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated / microbiology
  • Practice Guidelines as Topic*
  • Treatment Outcome


  • Anti-Bacterial Agents