Effects of balance training using wobble boards in the elderly

J Strength Cond Res. 2011 Sep;25(9):2616-22. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31820019cf.


Few studies have examined balance training of elderly people using wobble boards. This study assessed the effects of wobble board balance training on physical function in institutionalized elderly people. This study examined 23 subjects (age 84.2 ± 5.9 years) who lived in a nursing home. The exercise program for the training group comprised balance training standing on a wobble board for 9 weeks, twice a week. In all, 11 training group subjects and 11 control group subjects completed this study. After 9 weeks, standing time on a wobble board, standing time on a balance mat, and maximum displacement distance of anterior-posterior center of pressure in the training group were significantly greater than those of the control group. Frequency analysis revealed that the power spectrum in 0.1-0.2 Hz significantly increased in the training group. These results suggest that wobble board training is effective for elderly people to improve their standing balance, by which they frequently control their center of gravity and maintain a standing posture on unstable surface conditions.

Publication types

  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Exercise Therapy / instrumentation*
  • Exercise Therapy / methods
  • Female
  • Frail Elderly
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Postural Balance / physiology*