Perioral myoclonia with absences and myoclonic status aggravated by oxcarbazepine

Epileptic Disord. 2011 Sep;13(3):308-12. doi: 10.1684/epd.2011.0448.


Perioral myoclonia with absences belongs to the "idiopathic generalised epilepsy syndromes in development", currently not yet cited in the ILAE classification. This epilepsy syndrome is associated with a seizure type that appears to be specific. Here, we report polygraphic recordings of this seizure type in a young boy, previously misdiagnosed with focal epilepsy. EEG and clinical features were useful to differentiate diagnosis of his seizures from other absence or myoclonic seizures. Interestingly, some seizures were associated with neck myoclonia. Home video recording of myoclonic status aggravated by inappropriate treatment is also presented. [Published with video sequences].

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Anticonvulsants / adverse effects*
  • Brain / pathology
  • Carbamazepine / adverse effects
  • Carbamazepine / analogs & derivatives*
  • Child
  • Electroencephalography
  • Epilepsies, Myoclonic / chemically induced*
  • Epilepsies, Myoclonic / physiopathology*
  • Epilepsy, Absence / chemically induced*
  • Epilepsy, Absence / physiopathology*
  • Humans
  • Levetiracetam
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Oxcarbazepine
  • Piracetam / analogs & derivatives
  • Piracetam / therapeutic use


  • Anticonvulsants
  • Carbamazepine
  • Levetiracetam
  • Oxcarbazepine
  • Piracetam