Promoting safety voice with safety-specific transformational leadership: the mediating role of two dimensions of trust

J Occup Health Psychol. 2012 Jan;17(1):105-15. doi: 10.1037/a0025101. Epub 2011 Aug 29.


Although safety-specific transformational leadership is known to encourage employee safety voice behaviors, less is known about what makes this style of leadership effective. We tested a model that links safety-specific transformational leadership to safety voice through various dimensions of trust. Data from 150 supervisor-employee dyads from the United Kingdom oil industry supported our predictions that the effects of safety-specific transformational leadership are sequentially mediated by affect-based trust beliefs and disclosure trust intentions. Moreover, we found that reliance trust intentions moderated the effect of disclosure: employees' disclosure intentions mediated the effects of affect-based trust on safety voice behaviors only when employees' intention to rely on their leader was moderate to high. These findings suggest that leaders seeking to encourage safety voice behaviors should go beyond "good reason" arguments and develop affective bonds with their employees.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Humans
  • Leadership*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Mining
  • Safety Management / methods
  • Safety Management / organization & administration*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Trust*
  • United Kingdom
  • Workplace / organization & administration
  • Workplace / psychology
  • Young Adult