Measuring scapular kinematics during arm lowering using the acromion marker cluster

Hum Mov Sci. 2012 Apr;31(2):386-96. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2011.07.004. Epub 2011 Aug 27.


The aim of the present study was to examine the acromion marker cluster (AMC) method of measuring scapular kinematics during the arm lowering, eccentric, phase. Twenty six participants completed arm elevation and lowering in the sagittal, frontal and scapular plane. The participants held their arm at 30° increments while the orientation of the scapula was recorded using an AMC and a scapular locator (SL). There were no significant differences between the AMC and SL during the lowering phase for sagittal and scapular plane arm movements. The AMC significantly underestimated upward rotation (max RMSE = 6.0°), and significantly overestimated posterior tilt (max RMSE = 7.2°) during arm lowering in the frontal plane. The reported root mean square errors, however, were within the ranges observed during the elevation phase and reported in previous literature. The AMC therefore provides a reasonable description of scapular kinematics during the arm lowering phase.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acromion / physiology*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Biomechanical Phenomena*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional
  • Male
  • Motor Activity / physiology*
  • Orientation / physiology
  • Range of Motion, Articular / physiology*
  • Reference Values
  • Rotation
  • Scapula / physiology*
  • Software
  • Video Recording
  • Young Adult