Sublingual piroxicam in migraine without aura

J Assoc Physicians India. 2011 Aug;59:494-7.

Abstract

Objective: The aim of the present study was to compare the analgesic efficacy of a single dose of sublingual piroxicam to that of a placebo during acute attacks of migraine without aura.

Methods: The drug (N = 30) or a placebo (N = 30) was administered, on randomisation and double-blind basis, to 60 patients between 18 and 50 years of age suffering from migraine without aura. The patients were instructed to take a single tablet sublingually [corresponding to piroxicam 40 mg or placebo] and the severity of the painful symptomatology and associated symptoms were evaluated by this study.

Results: The patients treated with sublingual piroxicam showed a significant (P < 0.05) decrease in pain intensity 15 minutes after ingestion; they went on to show a further reduction in the 24 hours after drug administration. On the contrary, the group treated with placebo showed a significant reduction of symptoms only after seven hours of observation. Associated symptoms disappeared significantly (P < 0.05) after sublingual piroxicam administration. In 83.3%, the drug resulted in excellent to good response as compared to only 10% in the placebo group. No local and systemic side effects were reported with sublingual piroxicam.

Conclusions: The present study has demonstrated that for the acute management of migraine without aura sublingual piroxicam showed significant analgesic effect with excellent tolerability.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Administration, Sublingual
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / administration & dosage*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Migraine without Aura / drug therapy*
  • Pain / drug therapy
  • Pain Measurement
  • Piroxicam / administration & dosage*
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Piroxicam