Novel organ-specific circulating cardiac autoantibodies in dilated cardiomyopathy

J Am Coll Cardiol. 1990 Jun;15(7):1527-34. doi: 10.1016/0735-1097(90)92821-i.


To determine whether organ-specific cardiac autoantibodies are present in dilated cardiomyopathy, indirect immunofluorescence on human heart and skeletal muscle was used to test sera from 200 normal subjects and from 65 patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, 41 with chronic heart failure due to myocardial infarction and 208 with other cardiac disease. Three immunofluorescence patterns were observed: diffuse cytoplasmic on cardiac tissue only (organ-specific), fine striational on cardiac and, to a lesser extent, skeletal muscle (cross-reactive 1) and broad striational on both cardiac and skeletal muscle (cross-reactive 2). Cardiac specificity of the cytoplasmic pattern was confirmed by absorption studies with homogenates of human atrium, skeletal muscle and rat liver. Organ-specific cardiac antibodies (IgG; titer range 1/10 to 1/80) were more frequent in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (17 [26%] of 65) than in those with other cardiac disease (2 [1%] of 208, p less than 0.0001) or heart failure (0 [0%] of 41, p less than 0.001) or in normal subjects (7 [3.5%] of 200, p less than 0.0001). Organ-specific cardiac antibodies were more common in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and in those with fewer symptoms (8 of 15 in New York Heart Association functional class I versus 9 of 50 in classes II to IV, p less than 0.01) and more recent (less than 2 years) onset of disease (9 of 19 versus 8 of 46, p less than 0.02).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Autoantibodies / analysis*
  • Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / blood
  • Cardiomyopathy, Dilated / immunology*
  • Female
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Heart Diseases / immunology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardium / immunology*
  • Organ Specificity
  • Reference Values


  • Autoantibodies