Resilience: enhancing well-being through the positive cognitive triad

J Couns Psychol. 2011 Oct;58(4):610-7. doi: 10.1037/a0025195.


The present study tested whether the relationships among resilience, life satisfaction, and depression could be explained by positive views toward the self, the world, and the future (positive cognitive triad). Structural equation modeling and mediation analyses were conducted based on 1,419 college students in Hong Kong. The model of positive cognitive triad as mediator between resilience and well-being fit the data (comparative fit index = .94, Tucker-Lewis index = .93, root-mean-square error of approximation = .08). Findings showed resilience to be significantly related to positive cognitions about the self, the world, and the future. Individuals who had higher level of resilience held significantly more positive cognitions and reported significantly higher levels of life satisfaction and lower levels of depression. The utility of the positive cognitive triad as the mechanism through which resilience enhances well-being was supported. Applications in cultivating resilience and positive cognitions in counseling services are discussed.

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Psychological / physiology*
  • Adult
  • Attitude*
  • Cognition / physiology*
  • Depression / psychology
  • Female
  • Hong Kong
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Personal Satisfaction*
  • Resilience, Psychological*
  • Self Concept*
  • Social Support
  • Students / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Young Adult