Background: A significant challenge of oligonucleotide bioanalysis is the selective extraction from complex tissue samples, where the molecules that distribute into the intracellular space are extensively protein bound and sit amongst a high concentration of endogenous nucleic acid material. Published analytical methodology currently purports extensive sample preparation requirements that include cell lysis steps, homogenization and dual cleanup with liquid-liquid extraction and solid-phase extraction, prior to injection.
Results: We have developed a simple liquid-liquid extraction approach to rapidly isolate antisense oligonucleotides from biological tissues with high recovery and combined these preparative steps with a robust monolithic column LC-MS/MS setup. The platform showed improved chromatographic resolution and detection sensitivity over standard reversed-phase columns and required a low sample volume.
Conclusion: The high-throughput method was sufficient to accurately quantify multiple antisense oligonucleotides in mouse tissue and plasma down to low ng/g and ng/ml levels, respectively, for pharmacokinetic determination, and exhibited a high degree of specificity.