Murine cardiac catheterizations and hemodynamics: on the issue of parallel conductance

IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2011 Nov;58(11):3260-8. doi: 10.1109/TBME.2011.2167147. Epub 2011 Sep 6.


Catheter-based measurements are extensively used nowadays in animal models to quantify global left ventricular (LV) cardiac function and hemodynamics. Conductance catheter measurements yield estimates of LV volumes. Such estimates, however, are confounded by the catheter's nonhomogeneous emission field and the contribution to the total conductance of surrounding tissue or blood conductance values (other than LV blood), a term often known as parallel conductance. In practice, in most studies, volume estimates are based on the assumptions that the catheter's electric field is homogeneous and that parallel conductance is constant, despite prior results showing that these assumptions are incorrect. This study challenges the assumption for spatial homogeneity of electric field excitation of miniature catheters and investigated the electric field distribution of miniature catheters in the murine heart, based on cardiac model-driven (geometric, lump component) simulations and noninvasive imaging, at both systolic and diastolic cardiac phases. Results confirm the nonuniform catheter emission field, confined spatially within the LV cavity and myocardium, falling to 10% of its peak value at the ring electrode surface, within 1.1-2.0 mm, given a relative tissue permittivity of 33,615. Additionally, <1% of power leaks were observed into surrounding cavities or organs at end-diastole. Temporally varying parallel conductance effects are also confirmed, becoming more prominent at end-systole.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cardiac Catheterization / methods*
  • Electric Conductivity
  • Hemodynamics / physiology*
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Models, Cardiovascular
  • Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted*
  • Ventricular Function, Left / physiology*