This unit describes the solid-phase synthesis and downstream processing for RNA oligonucleotides with a length of up to 40 to 50 nucleotides on a 1- to 4-mmol scale with subsequent conjugation to PEG using the L-RNA spiegelmer NOX-E36 as an example. Following synthesis and two-step deprotection, the crude oligonucleotide is purified by preparative reversed-phase HPLC and desalted by tangential flow ultrafiltration. The resulting intermediate amino-modified oligonucleotide is reacted with NHS-ester-activated PEG, and the oligonucleotide-PEG conjugate is obtained after preparative AX-HPLC purification, followed by ultrafiltration and lyophilization. Critical process parameters are described, as well as time considerations and examples for analytical methods used as in-process and quality controls.
© 2011 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.