Diagnostic laparoscopy and adhesiolysis: does it help with complex abdominal and pelvic pain syndrome (CAPPS) in general surgery?

JSLS. 2011 Jan-Mar;15(1):1-5. doi: 10.4293/108680810X12924466008925.


Abdominal pains secondary to adhesions are a common complaint, but most surgeons do not perform surgery for this complaint unless the patient suffers from a bowel obstruction. The purpose of this evaluation was to determine if lysis of bowel adhesions has a role in the surgical management of adhesions for helping treat abdominal pain. The database of our patients with complex abdominal and pelvic pain syndrome (CAPPS) was reviewed to identify patients who underwent a laparoscopic lysis of adhesion without any organ removal and observe if they had a decrease in the amount of abdominal pain after this procedure. Thirty-one patients completed follow-up at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. At 6, 9, and 12 months postoperation, there were statistically significant decreases in patients' analog pain scores. We concluded that laparoscopic lysis of adhesions can help decrease adhesion-related pain. The pain from adhesions may involve a more complex pathway toward pain resolution than a simple cutting of scar tissue, such as "phantom pain" following amputation, which takes time to resolve after this type of surgery.

MeSH terms

  • Abdominal Pain / etiology*
  • Abdominal Pain / prevention & control
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Algorithms
  • Chronic Disease
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pain, Postoperative / epidemiology
  • Pelvic Pain / etiology*
  • Pelvic Pain / prevention & control
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Syndrome
  • Tissue Adhesions / complications
  • Tissue Adhesions / surgery*
  • Young Adult