Laparoscopy and natural orifice surgery: first entry safety surveillance step

JSLS. 2011 Apr-Jun;15(2):133-5. doi: 10.4293/108680811X13022985131813.


Background and objective: We are sharing information regarding the surveillance of the first entrance port in laparoscopic and natural orifice transvaginal endoscopy surgeries. However, we are not analyzing techniques or other surgical findings.

Method: In this study, 160 women with previous abdominal pelvic surgeries underwent laparoscopic surgery, 145 patients underwent transvaginal Minilaparoscopy Assisted Natural Orifice Surgery (hybrid), and 3 patients underwent pure natural orifice transvaginal endoscopic surgery (pure). For those patients who had laparoscopy and hybrid procedures, the surveillance was from a laparoscope or gastroscope placed in a secondary port. Surveillance in pure cases was done using a gastroscopic retro view to see the pouch of Douglas.

Results: The laparoscopic procedures were gynecological procedures. The hybrid procedures included gynecological procedures as well as appendectomies and cholecystectomies; the pure procedures were cholecystectomies. There were a few minor vascular and bowel injuries in the laparoscopy group. There were no injuries in the transvaginal hybrid or pure procedures groups.

Conclusion: The surveillance of the first entrance port can be an effective precautionary step. The cumulative experience suggests that using such surveillance in cases involving patients with prior surgery may assist in recognizing complications that might otherwise be missed.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Gynecologic Surgical Procedures / methods*
  • Humans
  • Laparoscopy / methods*
  • Natural Orifice Endoscopic Surgery / methods*
  • Postoperative Complications / prevention & control
  • Retrospective Studies