Magnetic resonance imaging arose as a reference for diagnosis, pre-therapeutic and follow-up of brain tumors. Among parameters obtained from standard MRI (of low specificity), only volumetric growth allows prognostic information. The multiple "advanced" sequences have leaded to increase both sensitivity and specificity of brain MRI. Yet, perfusion-weighted imaging and spectroscopy provide metabolic information, and diffusion tensor imaging and cortical activation provide functional information. Characterization, grading, therapeutic management and follow-up have improved, with prognostic information.
Copyright © 2011. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.