Development and validation of the multidimensional state boredom scale

Assessment. 2013 Feb;20(1):68-85. doi: 10.1177/1073191111421303. Epub 2011 Sep 8.


This article describes the development and validation of the Multidimensional State Boredom Scale (MSBS)-the first and only full-scale measure of state boredom. It was developed based on a theoretically and empirically grounded definition of boredom. A five-factor structure of the scale (Disengagement, High Arousal, Low Arousal, Inattention, and Time Perception) was supported by exploratory factor analyses and confirmatory factor analyses of two independent samples. Furthermore, all subscales were significantly related to a single, second-order factor. The MSBS factor structure was shown to be invariant across gender. MSBS scores were significantly correlated with measures of trait boredom, depression, anxiety, anger, inattention, impulsivity, neuroticism, life satisfaction, and purpose in life. Finally, MSBS scores distinguished between participants who were experimentally manipulated into a state of boredom and those who were not, above and beyond measures of trait boredom, negative affect, and depression.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Affect
  • Arousal
  • Attention
  • Awareness
  • Boredom*
  • Executive Function
  • Existentialism
  • Humans
  • Motivation
  • Personality Assessment / statistics & numerical data*
  • Psychoanalytic Theory
  • Psychometrics / statistics & numerical data*
  • Reproducibility of Results