A 12-year follow-up in sporadic inclusion body myositis: an end stage with major disabilities

Brain. 2011 Nov;134(Pt 11):3167-75. doi: 10.1093/brain/awr217. Epub 2011 Sep 9.


Sporadic inclusion body myositis is considered to be a slowly progressive myopathy. Long-term follow-up data are, however, not yet available. Follow-up data are important with a view to informing patients about their prognosis and selecting appropriate outcome measures for clinical trials. We performed a follow-up study of 64 patients with sporadic inclusion body myositis who participated in a national epidemiological study in the Netherlands. Case histories were recorded, and manual and quantitative muscle tests as well as laboratory tests were performed at baseline and 12 years (median) after the first out-patient visit. Date and cause of death were recorded for all deceased patients. Forty-six patients died during the follow-up period, two patients chose not to participate and one patient was lost to follow-up. The remaining 15 surviving patients had a mean disease duration of 20 years and were clinically evaluated at the second time point. The mean decline in strength was 3.5 and 5.4% per year according to the manual muscle testing and quantitative muscle testing, respectively. This decline was most pronounced in the lower legs, which were also the weakest extremities. Life expectancy was normal at 81 years, but activities of daily life were clearly restricted. At follow-up, all patients were found to be using a wheelchair, seven of them (47%) being completely wheelchair-bound. Disorders of the respiratory system were the most common cause of death. In three patients, euthanasia was requested and in another three, continuous deep sedation was applied. The fact that end-of-life care interventions were used in six patients (13%) reflects the severe disability and loss of quality of life at the end stage of this disease. Sporadic inclusion body myositis is a chronic progressive disorder, leading to major disabilities at the end stage of the disease due to extensive muscle weakness.

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Disabled Persons*
  • Disease Progression*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Muscle Strength / physiology*
  • Myositis, Inclusion Body / epidemiology
  • Myositis, Inclusion Body / physiopathology*
  • Netherlands