The inactivation of viruses in cattle and pig slurry by aeration or treatment with calcium hydroxide

J Hyg (Lond). 1979 Apr;82(2):293-9. doi: 10.1017/s0022172400025705.


Porcine enterovirus type 2 or porcine adenovirus type 3 were seeded into samples of pig slurry, and a bovine enterovirus was seeded into cattle slurry, and samples of the slurry were aerated in the laboratory for 21 days. The viruses were inactivated more rapidly in the aerated slurry than in control slurry which was not aerated. The difference in inactivation rate was greatest for the porcine adenovirus and least for the bovine enterovirus. Inactivation of the porcine enterovirus in aerated distilled water and in aerated, autoclaved pig slurry proceeded at a similar rate as in the same materials which were not aerated. Ten samples of aerated slurry were collected from an aeration tank which received weekly additions of raw pig slurry which was sampled at the same times. Each sample yielded a porcine enterovirus after concentration with the polyelectrolyte PE-60, but in three comparative titrations the viral infectivity titre in concentrates of the raw slurry was at least 1000 times greater than in the aerated slurry. Porcine enterovirus type 2 and porcine adenovirus type 3, which were seeded into pig slurry, and a bovine enterovirus seeded into cattle slurry, were inactivated by treatment of the slurry with calcium hydroxide at pH 11.5. The inactivation rate was highest for the bovine enterovirus and lowest for the porcine adenovirus.

MeSH terms

  • Adenoviridae / drug effects
  • Adenoviridae / growth & development*
  • Air*
  • Animals
  • Calcium Hydroxide / pharmacology*
  • Cattle
  • Enterovirus / drug effects
  • Enterovirus / growth & development*
  • Enteroviruses, Porcine / drug effects
  • Enteroviruses, Porcine / growth & development*
  • Manure*
  • Swine
  • Water Microbiology*


  • Manure
  • Calcium Hydroxide