The association of tooth wear, diet and dietary habits in adults aged 18-30 years old

J Dent. 2011 Dec;39(12):811-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jdent.2011.08.014. Epub 2011 Sep 3.

Abstract

Objective: The association of acidic foods and drinks to the development of erosive tooth wear was investigated in a single cohort of adults aged 18-30 years.

Method: A tooth wear index was recorded on 1010 participant's who had a mean age of 21.9 years (SD 0.1) and of which 70% were female and 30% males. Participant's completed a previously validated questionnaire containing 50 questions about current and historical dietary habits. Data were analysed at the tooth level using odds ratio.

Results: Tooth wear was statistically significantly associated to acidic foods and drinks with high titratable acidity and dietary habits, including drinking from a glass and holding drinks, (OR 5 and 6.5 respectively). A history of heartburn was statistically significantly associated to palatal dentine exposure (p≤0.05 and OR 7.6).

Conclusion: In this sample of adults, tooth wear was associated to a number of acidic dietary products and drinking habits.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acids / adverse effects
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Beverages / statistics & numerical data
  • Bruxism / epidemiology
  • Carbonated Beverages / statistics & numerical data
  • Citrus
  • Cohort Studies
  • Dental Enamel / pathology
  • Dentin / pathology
  • Dentin Sensitivity / epidemiology
  • Diet / statistics & numerical data*
  • Feeding Behavior*
  • Female
  • Food / statistics & numerical data
  • Fruit
  • Heartburn / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • London / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Malus
  • Tooth Erosion / epidemiology
  • Tooth Wear / epidemiology*
  • Toothbrushing / statistics & numerical data
  • Vitis
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Acids