Management of congenital talipes equinovarus using the Ponseti method: a systematic review

J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2011 Sep;93(9):1160-4. doi: 10.1302/0301-620X.93B9.26947.


We present a systematic review of the results of the Ponseti method of management for congenital talipes equinovarus (CTEV). Our aims were to assess the method, the effects of modifications to the original method, and compare it with other similar methods of treatment. We found 308 relevant citations in the English literature up to 31 May 2010, of which 74 full-text articles met our inclusion criteria. Our results showed that the Ponseti method provides excellent results with an initial correction rate of around 90% in idiopathic feet. Non-compliance with bracing is the most common cause of relapse. The current best practice for the treatment of CTEV is the original Ponseti method, with minimal adjustments being hyperabduction of the foot in the final cast and the need for longer-term bracing up to four years. Larger comparative studies will be required if other methods are to be recommended.

Publication types

  • Review
  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Braces
  • Casts, Surgical
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Clubfoot / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Manipulation, Orthopedic / methods*
  • Recurrence
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult