Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an inflammatory seronegative spondyloarthropathy associated with psoriasis. Although the main assessment measures for PsA are borrowed from the standard criteria used to assess rheumatoid arthritis, a number of new criteria such as the PsAJAI and CPDAI are being developed specifically for PsA. Long-term consequences of untreated PsA include persistent inflammation, progressive joint damage and, in many cases, substantial functional limitations, pain and disability. Moreover, patients with PsA have an increased mortality risk and an increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndrome. Both GRAPPA and the AAD have developed treatment guidelines, which are discussed here. Psoriasis commonly precedes arthritic symptoms; thus, dermatologists are ideally placed to make the initial diagnosis of PsA and treat it appropriately, affording the opportunity to slow disease progression, improve physical function and enhance quality of life. This Review explores the management of patients with PsA, with a particular emphasis on assessment tools, long-term consequences and treatment issues from the viewpoint of the dermatologist.