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, 134 (3), 1577-82

Catalytic Turnover of [FeFe]-hydrogenase Based on Single-Molecule Imaging

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Catalytic Turnover of [FeFe]-hydrogenase Based on Single-Molecule Imaging

Christopher Madden et al. J Am Chem Soc.

Abstract

Hydrogenases catalyze the interconversion of protons and hydrogen according to the reversible reaction: 2H(+) + 2e(-) ⇆ H(2) while using only the earth-abundant metals nickel and/or iron for catalysis. Due to their high activity for proton reduction and the technological significance of the H(+)/H(2) half reaction, it is important to characterize the catalytic activity of [FeFe]-hydrogenases using both biochemical and electrochemical techniques. Following a detailed electrochemical and photoelectrochemical study of an [FeFe]-hydrogenase from Clostridium acetobutylicum (CaHydA), we now report electrochemical and single-molecule imaging studies carried out on a catalytically active hydrogenase preparation. The enzyme CaHydA, a homologue (70% identity) of the [FeFe]-hydrogenase from Clostridium pasteurianum , CpI, was adsorbed to a negatively charged, self-assembled monolayer (SAM) for investigation by electrochemical scanning tunneling microscopy (EC-STM) techniques and macroscopic electrochemical measurements. The EC-STM imaging revealed uniform surface coverage with sufficient stability to undergo repeated scanning with a STM tip as well as other electrochemical investigations. Cyclic voltammetry yielded a characteristic cathodic hydrogen production signal when the potential was scanned sufficiently negative. The direct observation of the single enzyme distribution on the Au-SAM surface coupled with macroscopic electrochemical measurements obtained from the same electrode allowed the evaluation of a turnover frequency (TOF) as a function of potential for single [FeFe]-hydrogenase molecules.

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